Four Levels of Keeping Errors At Bay

Keeping Errors At Bay Four Levels

The essay Keeping Errors At Bay four levels are:

Literal Comprehension

“Keeping Errors At Bay” is an essay written by the British Philosopher Bertrand Russell. This essay helps us avoid silly mistakes that humans make in their lives.

And he had given six examples of mistakes and the solutions to them. First is, Mr. Aristotle who thinks that women have fewer teeth than men. If he counted his wife’s teeth, he would know the right answer.

The second is, that we have a narrow mind which is why we should make our minds wider, and get information by traveling, meeting, reading papers, and getting information from outworlds, and other societies.

The third is, that we used to make the decisions alone, and for good decision-making, we have to talk with other parties, and make conversations.

The fourth is, we think of abnormal aspects of our life and make ourselves in trouble. The writer suggests we should make dialogues in our opinion with others by imagining and freeing our minds.

The fifth is, that we think ourselves superior to others and we appreciate ourselves thus the writer suggests we should not underestimate others rather than give them respect and take.

The last is, that fear is the main source of errors, superstitions, conservative feelings, and cruel nature. Thus the writer suggests without proof we should not accept things and do observations to reach conclusions.


In this essay, the writer tries to reflect the human weaknesses. Women have fewer teeth than men, narrow minds, make decisions alone, think abnormal aspects, appreciate themselves, and fear.

From these weaknesses we are unable to go into reality, unable to get into facts and conclusions. It gives us ways of fear.

So the main theme of this essay is that we should avoid those weaknesses in our lives by making good observations and making our lives free and knowledgeable.

Critical Thinking

After reading this text I do not agree with some statements:

  • Is it possible to observations over all the situations?
  • Is it possible to do observation without any resources? (like types of equipment)
  • How can we believe that other ideas are accurate?
  • Is it possible for human beings to be free from fear?


By reading this essay “Keeping Errors At Bay” I learned that I am very bad at thinking, my life is not in balance and I should respect others to get respect back and make mutual relationships with others for sharing ideas, opinions, information, etc.

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